Borsec resort

also known as the 'Pearl of the Carpathians'' is located at a distance of 26 km from the town Topliţa, on the national road Topliţa - Piatra Neamt in Borsec depression (formed by Călimani mountains (Pietrosul Peak 2100m), Bistrița (1859), Ceahlău Mountains (Ocolașul Mare 1907 m) and Giurgeului Mountains), northwest of Harghita county, at an altitude of 900 m above sea level. Besides the ambience of rare beauty where Borsec is located, its mineral water quality provides it a privileged position between spas in the world. It received the status of a spa town in 1953. 

Access by train: 

by train to Toplița and then by car 26 km to the resort of Borsec. 


Access by car: 

On National Road DN 15 from Bacău, Piatra Neamț or Tg. Mureș. 
On National Road  DN 15B from Târgu Neamț. 
On National Road DN 17B from Vatra Dornei. 
On National Road DN12 from Brașov, Sfântu Gheorghe (Saint George).

Sights

Seven Springs (Șapte Izvoare) located at 1550m from the resort center. The name comes from the number of springs that supply drinking water to the resort. The Fairies Glade (Poiana Zânelor) and "travertine quarry" - all forming a contiguous set of objectives adjacent to each other and constitute a single landscape of great tourist attraction. The Bear Cave (Grota Urșilor), a series of deep holes formed by the natural erosion of rocks under the action of infiltration waters (karst phenomena).
The Ice Cave. It is a dark recess between two separate rocks formed through erosion just as the Bear Cave. The water infiltrates here and the ice gets thicker in winter and melts in late spring.
The Ancient spring (Mofetta) is one of the oldest cure springs in the resort.
The Spring Pierre Curie - is the spring with the most radioactive mineral water in the resort.
The Round Hill (Dealul Rotund) is a 975 m high travertine formation formed over time from the ore deposits of bicarbonate warm waters. This travertine has been mined and used to decorate various buildings in Bucharest and Miercurea-Ciuc.
City of Owls – "the Ancient Spring" where 150 years ago there was a small lake; the first lido, "Fairies Glade" was built here. Travertine formations here are exploited for industrial purposes.

Climate

The Cold alpine climate (15°C average temperature in July; - 7°C average temperature in January). Weak wind. The annual average temperature of 5°C. Moderate rainfall (700-750 mm annually).

Tourist Attractions

In Borsec there are over 15 natural carbonated mineral water springs with close chemical composition, stability in time and variable flow.
Among them there are 5 springs whose water is bottled.
 
The water of those springs is very beneficial, mainly in the circulatory system diseases, gynecological disorders, neurotic disorders, various kidney diseases, endocrine disorders, diabetes and others. One can make internal cures through direct consumption of mineral water, hydrotherapy massages, electrotherapy, mofettes.

The main sources of Borsec are: 

  • Main Spring (source) no. 1
  • Source 2 / Republic / Erzsébet 
  • Boldizsár Spring / Madonna / Horia (source 3) - flow of 6,600 l / day; carbonated water, bicarbonate, mixed; It contains calcium, magnesium, sodium; indications: hyperacid gastritis, mild constipation, kidney stones (renal calculus) and liver calculus, albuminuria, chronic nephritis.
  • Spring no.4.
  • László Spring / Cloșca (Source 5) - flow of 5,100 l / day; carbonated, mixed water; Contains: Calcium, Magnesium, Sodium, Indications: hypoacid gastritis, chronic colitis, chronic uric and oxalic lithiasis, obesity, arthritis (hypertensive disease)
  • Lázár/Crișan  Spring (Source 6) - bicarbonated water with calcium, magnesium and, sodium, carbonated, hypotonic, slightly sulphurous; Indications: relieves gastritis with hyperacidity
  • Kossuth Spring (Source 10) - flow is decreasing; Indications: hypoacid gastritis, ulcer disease, hypocalcaemia. 
  • Petőfi spring (Source 11) - flow of 900 l / day; carbonated,  bicarbonated, mixed water; Contains: Calcium, magnesium, lithium, sodium; Indications: gastritis with hyperacidity; hypocalcemia, parathyroid disease (insufficiency)
  • Pierre Curie Spring - at a distance of approximately 1800 m from the resort center, is the source of the most radioactive mineral water in the resort 
  • Ancient spring / Ősforrás / Dögleszti 
  • Goat Spring 
  • Erdei / József főherceg / Károly / Bălcescu - uncaptured.

The Old Mud Bath

Since autumn of 2012, the town hall has commissioned the Old Mud Bath, a bath with heated mineral water pool. It was rebuilt exactly as the old architecture of the nineteenth century - when it had mud (sludge). The construction is a special beauty: it's wooden and provided with a glass ceiling. It is powered directly from the nearest source, cold pool water is 11⁰ C,  while the warm pool is 28-34⁰C . We recommend a  10 days cure. In winter, it works with opening hours until 22.00. We truly believe that the combination of ski + hot mineral water bath + sauna + cold water + massage is an interesting proposal at least for fitness, sports and recreation-oriented people.

Traditional bath in the Fairies Glade

In 2009, the Ars Topia Foundation decided to organize the traditional bathrooms furnishing corvee of the year at Borsec. For ten days, young people from Hungary and Transylvania, along with locals worked on arranging these baths which have enjoyed since then great success among visitors. In this project they have been achieved several objectives such as: mineral water pool, foot baths, changing rooms,  deck chairs. From year to year the number of tourists visiting these baths is increasing, and farmers also use mineral waters for different cures and therapies.

Mofetta and surroundings

 
In 2010, by support of the Ministry of Regional Development and Tourism and Harghita County Council, the mofetta was rebuilt. The old building was demolished and rebuilt as a new and modern building above the gas emanating from the ground. Thus, the new building can provide cures, therapies for a number of up to ten people at once.  The entire alley was refurbished from the entrance to the Round Chair up to  the mofetta, the mofette glade was also designed as a place where from one can reach by fine-tuned paths to the old calcium mine, to the lookout point at the old travertine quarry, as well as to the ice cave. Along the walkways were installed benches, tables, dustbins, the glade has been provided with special fireplaces, and besides the forest edge were mounted toilets and bins.

In Borsec there are over 15 natural carbonated mineral water springs with close chemical composition, stability in time and variable flow.
Among them there are 5 springs whose water is bottled.
 
The water of those springs is very beneficial, mainly in the circulatory system diseases, gynecological disorders, neurotic disorders, various kidney diseases, endocrine disorders, diabetes and others. One can make internal cures through direct consumption of mineral water, hydrotherapy massages, electrotherapy, mofettes.

Bicaz Canyon (Cheile Bicazului)
Located in the Eastern Carpathians, on the Bicaz River, making the connection between Transylvania and Moldova, it has a length of 8 km (from Red Lake to the village Bicazul Ardelean). Bicaz Canyon is crossed by a winding road and offers views of rare beauty. The limestone walls of Bicaz Canyon are a result of their “sawing” by fast waters of Bicaz, giving the impression of medieval fortress walls; One can admire the "Altar Stone" (Piatra Altarului) – a 1120 high rocky mountain, impressive by its verticality; rocky massifs "Pinteștilor Stone" (847 m) (Piatra Pinteștilor) and Piatra Arșiței (835 m).

The Red lake 
Natural dam lake, lies at an altitude of 980 m, near Bicaz Canyon, at a distance of about 26 km from the city Gheorgheni (Harghita county), on DN 12/C in the resort of the same name. 10 m deep (maximum depth of 10.5 m), with an area of 12.7 hectares and a 2830 m circumference, the lake formed recently in the summer of 1837. Then, after heavy rains, a large quantity of rocky debris on the northern slope of the „Killer Rock” (Stânca Ucigașului) slipped, blocking the road of Bicajel creek and thus water has accumulated and formed a natural dam lake.

Bicaz Lake (Mountain Spring-Izvorul Muntelui)
The "Mountain Spring" storage lake, also known as the "Bicaz lake" is the largest artificial lake (anthropogenic) arranged on the interior rivers in Romania. Located on the upper Bistrița River, the lake was formed by the construction of the hydroelectric dam of the same name. It feeds the hydroelectric dam Bicaz-Stejaru.

Secu Monastery 
 It is located at about 22 km from Târgu-Neamț, on Secu river valley (DC 160), in a clearing at the foot of Vasan Mountains. Secu Monastery looks like an impressive fortress, being surrounded by imposing walls which combine at the corners of the enclosure with strong defense towers.

Agapia Monastery
Agapia Monastery is one of the best known and most popular monuments in this part of the country, a priceless treasure of art, unique in its ability to reveal the specificity and originality of Romanian spirituality.
 
Văratec Monastery
12 km from Târgu Neamț, located in a natural setting, Văratec Monastery is undoubtedly one of the best known and most visited monuments of Neamt county. 

Sihăstria Monastery 
Destroyed by weather and hordes of Tatar raids from the early eighteenth century, this church was collapsing around 1730, which induced the Bishop Gideon to build a new shrine dedicated to the "Virgin Birth". Works began, apparently, in 1730 when Gideon was bishop of Husi, ending in 1734 when the founder passed to episcopal chair at Roman. In 1741, on September 28, voivode Grigore Ghica issued a Royal Charter that establishes - at the request of the founder - a number of privileges and exemptions.
 
Neamț Monastery
Is located on the road to "Dragos Voda" reserve (DJ 155 C) and it is the oldest and most important monastic settlement of Moldova.
 
Sf. Ilie Monastery in Toplița 
It is a settlement built by Ujica (Pop) together with his sons Ion and Ștefan in town Stânceni, between 1845-1847 and moved by Bishop Miron Cristea in the town of Toplița around 1910. The church so moved was developed between 1924- 192. Icons here date from 1928 and were painted by D. Belizarie and Gh. Rusu. In the entrance building entrance was founded a museum.
 
Durău Resort
Located at an altitude of 780-800 m in the famous Ceahlau Massif, the resort is located in a mountainous region frequented from the eighteenth century. At Durău there is a small church painted by famous Romanian painter Nicolae Tonitza. Visiting the surroundings, visitors can admire the well-known Duruitoarea waterfall with an impressive running water and deafening noise (where it derives its name from), Fântânelele chalets, Dochia and Izvorul Muntelui (Mountain Spring). The tonic-stimulant subalpine climate, clean and fresh air, free of dust and allergens, ozone-rich atmosphere are the main natural cure factors. The resort is suitable for recreation and treatment of asthenic neurosis, weakness, anemia, for recovery from mental or intellectual effort.
There is a possibility to organize trips in the surrounding mountains (Ocolașu Mare - 1907 m and Toaca - 1904 m, both peaks being part of Ceahlău Mountains (Massif), Duruitoarea waterfall, nature reserve Ceahlău) and to practice winter sports (ski slope with different degrees of difficulty, skating rink).

The “ROUND CHAIR” Karst zone which is the largest travertine deposit in the country with sinkholes and karst formations: "STALACTITE CAVE", "BEAR CAVE" and "ICE CAVE". It has an area of 70 ha.

Ice Cave Entrance

The botanical Reserve called "HÁRMASLIGET" - is a swampy glade of around 2 hectares, located in the resort area, hosting rare species, such as dwarf birch (Betula humilis), which is a glacial relict.
 
Hydrogeological protection perimeters were established based on GD no.101/1997 on the Borsec mineral water deposit, sources of fresh water and therapeutic mud. But there are materialized on the field areas with  strict regime of health protection perimeters only for springs 1, 2, and F4 drilling.
 
The sanitary protection perimeter of the spa was established by the Ministry of Health through the National Institute of Rehabilitation, Physical Medicine and Balneoclimatology according to the Romanian Government Ordinance no.109 / 2000.

1. Main circuit (Borsec - Secu - Bilbor – Capu Corbului – Borsec)

Length: 53 km
 
Route description: it starts from the Tourist office in the Upper Borsec to the Lower Borsec and goes to Topliţa on the national road DN15. The route follows the winding asphalt road that goes to Creanga Pass, where from, after about 6 Km descent, it leaves the highway and goes right on Secu River Valley (Valea Pârâului Secu). Here it follows the county road DJ174A to the town Capu Corbului, passing through villages Secu and Bilbor.
 
From Capu Corbului the trail turns right, turning to Borsec on National Road DN15.

2. Secondary circuit (Borsec – Creasta – DJ174A)

Făget

Length: 10,5 Km  Route description:  it starts on Nadășa street and follows the route on Nadășa stream. It climbs on a well maintained forest road. After about 4 km, the road turns to Făgeţel, and the route we track goes up to Făgetul Mare. After a few minutes of more pronounced ascent, it goes out of the woods, noticing the chalet still not entered  (recorded) in the tourist circuit. From the tourist chalet it climbs on the ridge and turns left on the peak. After about 800m, it goes down on the right on a ground forest road leading to the county road DJ174A (Bike Path 1). From here, we can return to Borsec either by following the road to the village Secu – Creanga Pass-Borsec or by Bilbor – Capu Corbului - Borsec.
 
Descending the ridge to the county road DJ174A  is not at all recommended on wet weather, as the dirt road can become muddy.

3. Ring Road. The tourist office  - 7 Springs Boulevard – Stadionului str. - 7 Springs – Nădașa Valley - Resort

Borsec

Length: 5,8 Km  Route description: it starts from the Tourist office on the 7 Izvoare Boulevard (7 Springs Boulevard) up, continuing on the Round Alley (Aleea Rotundă) and entering shortly into the Stadionului street. It passes from Spring no. 11 (Petőfi) and at the forestry marking III. 181 it is going along the Lovers Alley (Aleea Îndrăgostiților) on the left side. It passes right near the football field, still on the asphalt road among firtrees. Arriving at a road fork, it goes straight to the ski slope, following the road through the forest until it reaches the Nadășa Valley. Following the stream of the same name, it goes down to the resort.

4. Borsec – Chiozrez Pass – Borsec

Length of route 7 + 7 km

Route description: it starts from the tourist office on route 8 until Piciorul Mândru (the Proud Leg), where it follows the forest road to Chiozrez Pass, on county road DJ128. From here it turns on the same road to the resort.

5. Lower Borsec – Cimitirului Street  - Spring 10 - Tourist Information Centre in Upper Borsec.

Length of route: 3,5 km

Route description: The route starts in Lower Borsec next to the Town Hall. It is climbing the Cimitirului Street, bypassing behind the Town hall, reaching the cemetery. It is bypassed, continuing the route through the forest, on the contour line until Spring 10. From here it descends to the Tourist information center in the center of Borsec Resort.